What is general aviation?

Many regular people may confuse general aviation (GA) with aviation in general. However, there is a major difference between these two terms. In fact, general aviation is only a part of aviation in general. The later, besides GA, also includes commercial and military aviation. So let’s take a closer insight to what general, or non commercial aviation is.

General Aviation

As you have probably already guessed general aviation is a field that does not include regular scheduled passenger air services and some of aerial work. In general, everything that is not about transportation of people and cargo on a scheduled basis from point A to point B can be called a general aviation. Often to describe this field is used a term non-commercial aviation. So in our imagination it would mean that pilots and companies do not make profit, or it is not a main goal. In fact, many of non-commercial operations are also commercial. For example, when we talk about corporate aviation, for instance, business travels, most of the operations bear signs of flight-for-hire because pilots are paid for their labor.

When we talk about civil aviation most of us will imagine a single-engine aircraft that don’t even need a specialized runway, it is enough to have a rather even surface somewhere in a field. This image is not mistaken, but it embraces only a small part of what it really includes. In fact in the USA the almost 5000 airports serve the needs of general aviation, with almost 25 millions of flight hours yearly. 350 000 aircrafts and 700 000 pilots are occupied in GA (for comparison, in commercial aviation, with cargo and charter airlines employ 400 000 pilots and 60 000 airplanes).

What general aviation includes

As we already mentioned, it is very spread to use general aviation to serve the needs of corporations. It is used in business travelling as not only a way to get to an opposite part of a country whenever businessmen need, but also to emphasize the wealth and prosperity of them and their corporations.

Using aircrafts in agriculture has long history. Agricultural aircrafts are used for crop dusting – spreading fertilizers or crop protecting substances over fields where, otherwise, due to their size, it would be impossible to do these operations in other way, or they would take more time. Also these airplanes are utilized for planting certain types of seeds, rice, for example.

Crop duster

Recreational travelling by an aircraft can open new perspectives for travelers. It can mean discovering new countries, small and remote, with irregular flight connection. They provide an opportunity to reach places difficult to access, for example in jungles or mountains. Or just give a change to look at familiar scenery from a bird-eye view.

Civil aircrafts are also used for survey, and we don’t mean this military spying survey. Mostly the purpose of these surveys to conduct observation in wildlife (trace migration, etc.), environmental control (pipeline spills detection, making maps of soil erosions and wetland losses), to patrol parklands. Modifications of these plains are also utilized for aerial firefighting.

Law enforcement also widely uses civil aircrafts to patrol highways, to spot suspects, detect stolen cars, urban fires, lost children, monitor borders.

There are also many fields of application for general aviation – flight trainings, medical transportation, search and rescue, gliding, parachute sport, recourse exploration and many other.

Top Manufactures of Commercial Planes

We live in a world when we can fly around the world for less than 24 hours. And it is possible thanks to commercial planes. There are several major commercial aircraft manufacturers with branches in many country and thousands of people as a staff. You may have already heard of some of them, Boeing and Airbus, for example, and today we offer to get acquainted with other large manufacturers.


Airbus

Airbus is one of the world’s leading aircraft manufacturers producing about half of amount of airliners with more than 100 seats. Airbus is based in Europe with its headquarters in Toulouse, France and has 12 locales in Europe. Also Airbus has three subsidiaries in the USA, Japan, and China. They utilize about 52,000 individuals from 85 nationalities who speak among them more than 20 distinct languages. Airbus as of now has a product offering up of 14 stream aircrafts which range just from 100 to 525 seats. Totally Airbus produced more than 9,200 aircrafts, including commercial planes. The company is trusted because of its solace, financial matters, and versatility.

Boeing

Boeing is one of the main aerospace companies and is the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliners and military aircraft combined. Boeing also manufactures rotorcraft, electronic and protection frameworks, rockets, satellites, launch vehicles and advanced information and communication frameworks. Boeing is based in the USA with headquarters located in Chicago. They utilize more than 158,000 individuals across the United States and in 70 other countries, making them one of the most various, talented and innovative workforces on the planet. The main commercial planes that Boeing manufacturers are 737, 747, 767 and 777 families of airplanes and the Boeing Business Jet, with approximately 12,000 commercial jetliners in administration around the world (about 75 percent of the world air fleet).

Bombardier

Bombardier is a global transportation organization that is available in more than 60 countries on 5 continents. They work in two directions: Aerospace and Rail Transportation. Bombardier Aerospace is the world’s third largest aircraft manufacturer and is a leaders in the designing and manufacture of innovative aviation items and administrations for the business, regional and amphibious aircraft markets. Their headquarters are in Montréal. They utilize more than 32,500 individuals around the world. It’s superior aircraft and administrations are found in various distinctive markets including Business aircraft – Learjet, Challenger, and Global aircraft groups; Commercial aircraft – the new CSeries program, CRJ Series and Q-Series aircraft families; Amphibious aircraft – Bombardier 415 and Bombardier 415 MP aircraft; Jet travel arrangements – Flexjet; Specialized aircraft arrangements – Bombardier aircraft adjusted for special missions; Aircraft administrations and training – aircraft parts, maintenance, thorough training, technical support and publications, and online administrations.

commercial plane engine

Embraer

Embraer has turned out to be one of the main aircraft manufacturers on the planet by focusing on particular market fragments with high development potential in commercial, recreational, and official aviation. Embraer is based in São José dos Campos, Brazil and at present has more than 17,237 employees, 87.7% of which are Brazilians. Embraer continues to lead the industry with its innovative regional and commercial stream product offerings. Since 1996, Embraer has created and sold more than 1000 ERJs to more than 37 airlines in 24 countries.

Tupolev

Tupolev is a Russian aerospace and guard company, headquartered in Moscow, Russia and is officially known as Public Stock Company (PSC) Tupolev (200910). PSC Tupolev creates and manufactures both commercial and military aerospace items, for example, aircraft and weapons frameworks. They are also actively developing a rocket and naval aviation items, with more than 18,000 Tupolev aircraft created for the USSR and the Eastern Bloc.

What you learn at Flight School Training

Students at a Flight School have to learn a wide variety of skills and techniques before they’re able to complete their single-engine pilot certification. Unlike driving a car, flying involves handling a vehicle on a three-dimensional plane, while taking into account the weather conditions, flight plan, and nearby traffic. Flight training courses are thorough and comprehensive, which can be a little confusing for new students. So here is a short summary of what you’ll learn at a Flight School.

GROUND TRAINING

The first phase of a flight training course is to familiarize the student with the theory involved in flying an airplane. Students will learn about the physics behind a wing’s design, aerodynamics, and engine performance, while their instructors use examples from their own real-life experiences to illustrate basic flight principles.

A sizable part of Ground School will be dedicated to discussing aviation regulations and the standards to which every pilot must adhere. These regulations specify the responsibilities of a pilot, going from the flight rules to operational procedures, how to interact with Air Traffic Control, the qualifications he must have and which civilian aviation authorities can certify those skills.

Students will learn to read and operate flight instruments with an emphasis on familiarizing with those of their designated training aircraft. They will also be briefed on the difference between Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules, communications, the limitations of human performance, and meteorology. By the end of the course, the students should also know general navigation and radio navigation skills.

FLIGHT TRAINING

Flight training and ground school are taught simultaneously so students can put in practice what they’re learning in the classroom. Training flights are carried on small single-engine trainers, like the ubiquitous Cessna 152 or the highly forgiving Piper Archer. These aircraft have a side-by-side seating configuration that allows the instructor and the student to watch each other’s actions and makes it easy for the instructor to correct his student’s mistakes or explain a particular maneuver to him.

Besides practicing his flying, navigation, and communications skills, the student pilot will also learn how to perform basic maneuvers which he’ll need to fly solo in the future. After familiarizing himself with the pilot’s control the student pilot will have to put his theoretical knowledge in practice to keep the airplane leveled, with a constant speed, and altitude.

flight school training

Flight school will teach students how to take off and land on different terrains and conditions. This includes practicing crosswind takeoffs and landings in both soft and short fields. Instructors will also teach them how to practice performance maneuvers to help them get a better feel of the airplane’s capabilities. Safety lessons include practicing how to recover from a stall or emergency procedures like how to deal with an engine fail.

By the end of the course, the student pilot must be able to create and follow his own flight plan while complying with standard flight regulations.

Getting your private pilot certificate is only the first step of your flight education. After you’ve learned to fly single-engine airplanes you might be interested in obtaining a dual engine or commercial airplane certification. Regardless of which one you choose, having your single-engine private pilot certification means that you have what it takes to follow an exciting career in the sky.